How to Reach West Bengal

By Air:

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport is the biggest international airport of the state. It is situated at Dum Dum, Kolkata. One more major airport is Bagdogra airport close to Siliguri. This was initially set up to cater to the needs of the domestic travelers. However, it currently offers overseas flights to Thailand and Bhutan as well. One more international airport has been proposed and it is being built up by the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation, Bengal Aerotropolis Projects Ltd., as well as other enterprise collaborators. In the scheme, the Changi Airports of Singapore, Citystar Infrastructure, IL&FS, Pragati 47, Lend Lease Company, and Pragati Social Infrastructure & Development Ltd. are also involved. It is under construction in the city of Durgapur, Burdwan district. It is expected that this airport will act in the form of an international airport as well and the name of this airport is going to be Kazi Nazrul Islam International Airport.

By Road:

As of 2011, the overall span of surface roadways in the state is more than 57,180 miles or 92,023 km. State highways constitute 1,487 miles or 2,393 km and national highways constitute 1,602 miles or 2,578 km. From 2006, the road density of West Bengal is 166.92 miles/100 sq miles or 103.69 km/100 km², and this surpasses the countrywide mean of 120 miles/100 sq miles or 74.7 km/100 km². On the state highways, the mean velocity differs between 25–31 miles/hour or 40–50 km/hour. The speed is as moderate as 12–16 miles/hour or 20–25 km/hour in towns and countryside areas, as a result of the inferior character of roadways building and insufficient upkeep.
There are various public or government-operated agencies that run bus services in West Bengal, such as the North Bengal State Transport Corporation (NBSTC), the Calcutta State Transport Corporation (CSTC), the West Bengal Surface Transport Corporation (WBSTC), the South Bengal State Transport Corporation (SBSTC), and the Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC). There are private bus operators as well. Other than buses, cycle rickshaws, auto rickshaws, and hand-pulled rickshaws are the modes of transportation.

By Rail:

As of 2011, the overall span of the railway itineraries in West Bengal is approximately 2,784 miles or 4,481 km. Kolkata serves as the center of operations of three zones of the Indian Railways and they are: South Eastern Railway, Eastern Railway and the newly constituted Kolkata Metro Railways Corporation (KMRC), which is the 17th zone of the Indian Railways. NFR or the Northeast Frontier Railway offers train services to the northern areas of the state. The oldest underground railway service in India is the Kolkata Metro. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, which forms a segment of NFR, has achieved the status of a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Water transport and other means:

Kolkata is an important river-harbor in the eastern part of the country. Both the Haldia port and the Kolkata port are supervised by The Kolkata Port Trust. Ship transport services are available to Port Blair, the capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Freight transport services to various harbors in the country and overseas are carried out by the Shipping Corporation of India.
Transport by ships/vessels is a major means of transportation in the southern segment of West Bengal, particularly in the Sundarbans region. Kolkata is the exclusive place in the country to feature trams as a medium of conveyance. All the trams in the city are run by the Calcutta Tramways Company (CTC).

Short trips:

The places listed below are perfect locations for excursions or short trips:

  • Kolkata
  • Darjeeling
  • Gadiara
  • Santiniketan
  • Sagardwip
  • Barrackpore
  • Siliguri
  • Dakshineswar
  • Bishnupur
  • Diamond Harbour
  • Gour-Pandua
  • Murshidabad
  • Digha
  • Bakkhali
  • Mandarmani
  • Junput
  • Shankarpur
  • Jhargram
  • Bibhuti Bhusan Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Gorumara National Park
  • Jaldapara
  • Sundarbans National Park
  • Sajnekhali
  • Baharampur
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