Punjab Tour Guide

Punjab Travel Guide & Travel Infrmation

Punjab is a small but important state in Northern India. At the time of partition in 1947, the erstwhile Punjab province area was split on the basis of religion. The western part of the province was included in the Republic of Pakistan. The present state of Punjab was formed on November 1, 1966, when the states of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana were created by severing two portions of the state. Punjab is one of the most flourishing states in India and is known for the Green Revolution. The word Punjab refers to Five Rivers or the Land of Five Rivers. These five rivers are the Sutlej, Beas, Chenab, Ravi, and Jhelum.

Geographical location of Punjab

The state of Punjab is a landlocked state and it lies in northern India. The coordinates of the state (Chandigarh) are: 30.79° North latitude and 76.78° East longitude.

Punjab shares its borders with Himachal Pradesh to the northeast and Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Pakistan to the west, and with Haryana and Rajasthan to the southeast and southwest.

Some interesting facts and figures about Punjab

  • Area: 50,362 km2 (19,445 sq miles)
  • Altitude: 304.8 to 365.78 meters
  • Climate Summer: Maximum temperature 49°C and minimum temperature 15°C.
  • Climate Winter: Maximum temperature 18°C and minimum temperature 0°C.
  • Largest city: Ludhiana
  • Capital city: Chandigarh (Also, the capital of Haryana)
  • Population: 27,704,236 (2011)
  • Chief Minister: Parkash Singh Badal
  • Languages Spoken: Punjabi and Hindi
  • Best Season to visit: October to March.

State symbols

  • Animal: Blackbuck
  • Bird: Northern Goshawk
  • Tree: Sheesham

How to reach Punjab

By Air: Delhi international airport is closely situated to the state. The principal airport of the state is Chandigarh Airport and flights are available to cities like Srinagar, Indore, Jaipur, New Delhi, and Mumbai from there. There is also an international airport at Amritsar. By Rail: Railways link Punjab with all the important and smaller cities in India. The principal railway station is Chandigarh. However, the biggest station is Amritsar with train services to all parts of India. The Bhatinda Railway Junction is the biggest in the Asian continent. Shatabdi Express joins Delhi with Amritsar. The Samjhauta Express is a collaboration between the Pakistan Railways and Indian Railways. Read More….

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The major places of interest in the state of Punjab

There are many places of tourist interest in Punjab. It is home to a host of tourist attractions including historical citadels and mansions, Gurudwaras, temples and shrines, picturesque landscapes, and energetic culture and customs. Le Corbusier, the famous architect from France, had a key role in designing Chandigarh, the 1st planned city of India and the capital of the state. The name was derived from the name of Goddess Chandi and places to see in the city include the Rock Garden, Sukhna Lake, the Open Hand monument, Museum and Art Gallery, and Rose Garden. Other major places of interest in the state of Punjab are the following: Read More….

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