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Bihar can be divided into four distinct regions and they are Bhojpur, Anga, Mithila, and Magadha. People come to Nalanda to see the Nalanda Multimedia Museum and the historic Buddhist University. Sasaram houses the burial place of Sher Shah Suri and Valmiki Nagar houses a famous national tiger reserve. Bhagalpur is the biggest city in the Anga region and Darbhanga is regarded as the cultural capital of the state. The most visited tourist attractions in Bihar are as follows:
Patna is the capital and the biggest city in the state. A densely populated city, Patna is famous for being an administrative power center in Eastern India and also a hub of Buddhism and Hinduism. The powerful monarchs of the Magadh and Maurya dynasty used this place as their capital. At that time, the name of the city was Pataliputra. The holy Ganges passes by Patna city and it attained the pinnacle of its grandeur when Asoka, the great patron of Buddhism, ruled the place. It was during the reign of Sher Shah Suri, the Mughal ruler, Patna turned into the capital of the Bengal Province. Visit Patna Planetarium, Agam Kuan, State Secretariat, Hanuman Mandir, Golghar, Patna Museum, Phulwari Shareef, Biological Park, Darbhanga House, Qila House, Gandhi Maidan, Shaheed Smarak, Takht Shri Harmandir Sahib, and Padre Ki Haveli. It also serves as an entryway to top-rated tourist destinations and religious hubs such as Rajgir, Vaishali, Bodhgaya, Nalanda, and Pawapuri.
More than six million travelers come to Nalanda for watching the relics of the historical Nalanda University every year. It is regarded as the biggest university or learning seat in the world about 15 centuries back. Don’t forget to visit the Archeological Survey of India Museum. The city was established in 5th century AD. The distance from Patna is 90 km and from Bodhgaya, it is 62 km. In the seventh century, Hiuen Tsang, the famous Chinese pilgrim, arrived here. The monasteries were constructed in Kushan architectural pattern and they were supported by the Gupta monarchs. Visit the Sun Temple, Malik Ibrahim Baya’s Tomb and Baragaon. In 1951, the International Center for Buddhist Studies was set up here.
Vaishali is the hometown of the Jain religion and the oldest republic in the earth. You can enjoy seeing the Buddhist monasteries, the World Peace Pagoda, and other relics that bear testimony to the history of the place, spanning more than 25 centuries. Vaishali has its mention in the Hindu epic Ramayana where it is said that it was governed by the valiant monarch Vishal. It is also known for being the birthplace of Lord Mahavira. You will find the well-known lion pillar set up by Asoka over here. Visit Buddha Stupa (I and II), Coronation Tank, Raja Vishal Ka Ghar, Bawan Pokhar Temple, Museum, Miranji ki Dargah, and Harikatora Temple.
Gaya houses the holiest Hindu and Buddhist temples in Bihar. It is also one of the most significant religious sites for the followers of Hinduism. There is a saying that if the last rites of a Hindu are performed here, he will achieve a place in the heaven. Visit the Vishnupada Temple, which Queen Ahalyabai restored. You can visit the Parasnath Hill, Barabar Caves, Ranchi, Netarhat, Hazaribagh, Jamshedpur, Palamau, Dhanbad and Bhagalpur from this place.
Bodhgaya is the place where Buddha achieved his Nirvana. For the followers of Buddhism, Bodhgaya is the holiest site. The picturesque mandirs and Buddhist monasteries will surely amaze you. During Buddha’s epoch, it was named Uruvela. Countless travelers come here to see the Bodhi Tree and the Mahabodhi Temple. The latter is a magnificent architectural wonder which features architectural patterns of many ages, including the Gupta era. People from Sri Lanka, China and Burma came here as religious devotees. The distance from Gaya is only 13 km. Visit the Archeological Museum, Burmese Temple, Mohanta’s Monastery, Tibetan Monastery, Thai Temple and Monastery, Ratnagar, Animeshlochan Chaiyata, Japanese Temple and International Buddhist House, Chinese Temple and Monastery and Buddhist Monastery of Bhutan.
Bordered by seven hills, Rajgir is famous for its waterfalls, caves, and spectacular mountainous trails. You will also find the relics of historical mansions and many Buddhist monasteries over here. The Hill of the Vultures or Griddhkutta is a top tourist attraction. There is a ropeway that will take you to the Peace Pagoda, which was constructed by the Japanese.
Pawapuri is the place where Lord Mahavira expired. The distance from Patna is 90 km and from Rajgir, it is 38 km. It is a very holy place for the Jains.
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